This was the first instance since 1984 of a single party achieving an outright majority in the Indian Parliament and the first time that it achieved a majority in the Lok Sabha on its own strength. Kushabhau Thakre was known for his leadership qualities and had the quality of inspiring people and building a team of highly committed workers. The Jana Sangh took part in the widespread protests, with thousands of its members being imprisoned along with other agitators across the country. Following the election in 1996, the BJP became the largest party in the Lok Sabha for the first time, but the government it formed was short-lived. But in 2004 elections, the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) led by the Congress party came to power.  Mauli Chandra Sharma was elected to succeed Mookerjee; however, he was forced out of power by the RSS activists within the party, and the leadership went instead to Upadhyaya. He was elected as the president of Bharatiya Janata party on 14 April 1998.  However, the demolition of the mosque during a BJP rally in 1992 resulted in a backlash against it, leading to a decline of the temple's prominence in its agenda. Its members are several vice-presidents, general-secretaries, treasurers and secretaries, who work directly with the president. , Political analysts have suggested several reasons for this victory, including the popularity of Modi, and the loss of support for the Congress due to the corruption scandals in its previous term.  Modi's government, in power from 2002 to 2014, followed a strongly neo-liberal agenda, presented as a drive towards development. , The vote share of the BJP was 31% of all votes cast, a low figure relative to the number of seats it won. Upadhyaya also articulated the philosophy of integral humanism, which formed the official doctrine of the party.  The tests came soon after Pakistan tested a medium-range ballistic missile. The BJS was founded in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mukherjee, a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) – a Hindu supremacist organisation that wants India to be defined as a Hindu nation. Earlier this year, Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, warned against “divisive politics”. "BJP" redirects here.  The BJP has slightly moderated its stance after the NDA was formed in 1998, due to the presence of parties with a broader set of ideologies. Following a brief period of coalition rule, general elections were held in 1980, in which the Janata Party fared poorly, winning only 31 seats. The Jana Sangh merged with parties from across the political spectrum, including the Socialist Party, the Congress (O) and the Bharatiya Lok Dal to form the Janata Party, with its main agenda being defeating Indira Gandhi. He came down from the position in August 2000 and died on 28 December 2003 at the age of 81. In 1998, he made a landmark visit to Pakistan, and inaugurated the Delhi–Lahore Bus service. , Taking a position against what it calls the "pseudo-secularism" of the Congress party, the BJP instead supports "positive secularism". The Board guides and regulates all the organisational units below the National Executive. Kushabhau Thakre was known for his leadership qualities and had the quality of inspiring people and building a team of highly committed workers. She aims to develop a global community of knowledge and journalism par excellence through this News Platform. Its policy agenda included a more aggressive stance on defence and terror as well as neo-liberal economic policies. , The Vajpayee government ordered the Indian armed forces to expel the Pakistani soldiers occupying Kashmir territory, later known as the Kargil War.  This was criticised by the left parties and the BJP's affiliates (the RSS and the Swadeshi Jagran Manch). According to historian Yogendra Malik, this ignores the differential procedures required to protect the cultural identity of the Muslim minority. , In the parliamentary elections in 1996, the BJP capitalised on the communal polarisation that followed the demolition to win 161 Lok Sabha seats, making it the largest party in parliament. It was the first time the Jana Sangh held political office, albeit within a coalition; this caused the shelving of the Jana Sangh's more radical agenda. [a][b][c], The Bharatiya Janata Party was officially founded in 1980, and the first general election it contested was in 1984, in which it won only two Lok Sabha seats.  The Bharatiya Jana Sangh was founded with the explicit aim of reversing the partition of India; as a result, its official position was that the existence of Pakistan was illegitimate. Tradition is being proud of India's civilizational heritage and building a brand around our unity in diversity. Know more about… READ MORE.  Various scholars have stated that this revision, especially in the case of history textbooks, was a covert attempt to "saffronise" Indian history. In the 1980s, like the Jana Sangh, it reflected the thinking of the RSS and its affiliates.  BJP president Rajnath Singh said that the party supported Section 377, because it believed that homosexuality was unnatural, though the party softened the stance after its victory in the 2014 general elections. Gujarat Deputy Chief Minister Nitin Patel, who also holds the finance portfolio, today presented the state budget. Travel and nature are the biggest spiritual getaways for her. Emergency numbers,… READ MORE.  The BJP withdrew its support from the V.P. , A coalition of regional parties formed the government in 1996, but this grouping was short lived, and mid-term polls were held in 1998. However, it was not clear what percentage of the estimated 600 million votes had been counted. The concept of Rainbow of India envisions seven key focus areas which will be the overarching theme of all initiatives to make India a developed nation. In 2012, Modi was cleared of complicity in the violence by the SIT and BJP MLA Maya Kodnani, who later held a cabinet portfolio in the Modi government, was convicted of having orchestrated one of the riots and sentenced to 28 years imprisonment; she was later acquitted by the Gujarat High Court. After the stellar performance in the Bihar Assembly polls and the bypolls to various state Assemblies, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) would be The Bharatiya Janata Party (pronounced [bʱaːrətiːjə dʒənətaː paːrʈiː] (); transl. He was elected as the president of Bharatiya Janata party on 14 April 1998. The National Executive also oversees the internal elections to the President and the National Council and appoints a returning officer for conducting the triennial election of the party.  The Parliamentary Board supervises the activities of the Parliamentary and Legislative groups of the Party. In 1992, the BJP and another right-wing organisation Vishva Hindu Parishad (World Hindu Council) rallied more than 100,000 Hindu mobs which tore down the 16th-century mosque. According to Christophe Jaffrelot, this proved to be an impossible assimilation. Shri Narendra Modi has outlined his Vision for the India of tomorrow which resonates with the BJP's philosophy of "Sab Ka Saath, Sab Ka Vikas". It is composed of members appointed by the BJP president and can have as many as 120 members.. It is composed of members appointed by the BJP president. According to the party, Hindutva is cultural nationalism favouring Indian culture over westernisation, thus it extends to all Indians regardless of religion.  After its unexpected defeat, commentators said that it was punished for neglecting the needs of the poor and focusing too much on its corporate allies. Since that election, Modi has led the NDA government as Prime Minister and as of February 2019[update], the alliance governs 18 states. BLOG & NEWS. Singh government, leading to fresh general elections. , Later in 2019, the Modi administration introduced the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, which was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. The BJP advocates social conservatism and a foreign policy centred on nationalist principles. , The Jana Sangh's first major campaign, begun in early 1953, centred on a demand for the complete integration of Jammu and Kashmir into India. , In May 2008, the BJP won the state elections in Karnataka. Indian People's Party; abbr. The 2004 campaign slogan India Shining was based on the party's belief that the free market would bring prosperity to all sectors of society. The other major constituents of the Janata Party demanded that the Jana Sangh should break from the RSS, which the Jana Sangh refused to do. Hindutva seeks to define Indian culture in terms of Hindu values. The BJP and its allies came back to power again after 1998 elections, with Vajpayee becoming prime minister for the second time. The BJP advocates the ideology of Hindutva (or Hinduness), which insists that multireligious and multiethnic India is fundamentally a “Hindu Rashtra” (Hindu Nation). This was the first time that the party won assembly elections in any South Indian state. , The Janata Party won a majority in 1977 and formed a government with Morarji Desai as Prime Minister. In 8 other states, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu (Although, BJP has not a single seat in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly) it shares power as Junior Partner with other political parties of the NDA coalition. In April 2012, he was sentenced to four years in prison. Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party sweeps general elections as it gets a mandate to pursue pro-Hindu policies.  In the elections of 1998 and 1999, it remained the largest party, and headed the ruling coalition on both occasions. It is composed of members appointed by the BJP president, Central decision-making assembly of the Bharatiya Janata Party, National Office Bearers of the Bharatiya Janata Party, "Nadda announces new team of BJP's national office-bearers | India News - Times of India", "BJP chief JP Nadda chooses massive new team; full list of BJP national office bearers here", https://twitter.com/blsanthosh/status/1309815987449942016?s=09, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_Office_Bearers_of_the_Bharatiya_Janata_Party&oldid=985870796, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 12:59. Vajpayee, previously the leader of the Jana Sangh, was appointed the Minister of External Affairs. , This shift in the economic policies of the BJP was also visible in state governments, especially in Gujarat, where the BJP held power for 16 years. Join the Party. Helping and educating people always came naturally to Arushi.  Advani was placed under preventive detention on the orders of the then Bihar chief minister Lalu Prasad Yadav. In 1999, the BJP formed the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), a coalition of over 20 parties, which went on to win the elections. LEADERSHIP. Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party sweeps general elections as it gets a mandate to pursue pro-Hindu policies. , In 2019, the BJP won the general election with a majority. Before taking over as the prime minister, he was the chief minister of Gujarat state for 13 years. The BJP contested the elections leading a coalition called the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which contained its existing allies like the Samata Party, the Shiromani Akali Dal, the Shiv Sena in addition to the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) and the Biju Janata Dal. The Hindu nationalist BJP (Indian People’s Party) was founded in 1980, but it actually emerged from its precursor – the Bharatiya Jan Sangh (BJS). As of March 2020[update], the BJP has Chief Ministers in 12 states: In 5 other states, it shares power with other political parties. It also introduced tariff-reducing measures. The party expresses a commitment to Hindutva, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions.
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